It’s a topic that generates much debate in Australia’s ports and freight industries. And the debate is not likely to abate any time soon. But can it be resolved? Australia’s two largest stevedores, DP World and Patrick have either introduced or announced further increases in ‘infrastructure charges’ at their container terminals this year, with DP World announcing further increases to its charges at its Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane terminals, from 1 January 2018. While stevedores have a legitimate right to recover costs on the back of investments in land-side operations, the frequency and magnitude of recent increases call into question the justification of these charges and their impact on building more efficient supply chains.